Today, on December 21,2021, Earth encounters winter solstice, a peculiarity wherein one of its post slants is farthest from the sun, making the day become the most brief of the year and the night to turn into the longest.
Curiously, this happens double consistently, once in the northern half of the globe. As you might have speculated, something contrary to this event is the late spring solstice when one of the posts slants is towards the sun, causing the longest light and the most brief evening.
The shifting towards and away from the sun is the justification for why nations arranged around the poles, north and south experience inverse climate conditions in various seasons, for example having a summery Christmas in Australia, when the majority of the world celebrates in the snow.
In the northern side of the equator that we experience the December solstice normally falling on December 21 or 22. In the southern half of the globe, it will be the June solstice as a rule happening on June 20 or 21
In old occasions, before individuals had a comprehension of it, the colder time of year solstice was praised as the demise of and resurrection of the sun. Celebrations and ceremonies were held around this time. In many societies, particularly during the Neolithic occasions, such occasions would direct exercises like the mating of creatures, the monitoring winter stores of food, planting of yields, and so forth.
Dreading for their steers, with respect to how they would be taken care of in the brutal cold weather months, many individuals additionally recently butchered them.
In India. numerous celebrations are held post this period, a famous one being that Makar Sankranti. It is noticed each year in the period of January, denoting the initial day of the sun's travel into "Makra" (Capricon); it denotes the finish of winter and start of longer days.
Origin of the word
Experimentally, throughout the colder time of year solstice, the sun is falling short not too far off and it seems to rise and set in a similar spot. To this end the word 'Solstice', in Latin, is meant 'Sun stands stills'.