Turkey, opposing Sweden and Finland from joining NATO, has now agreed. After talks with the top leaders of the three countries, NATO Alliance Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg has said that now an agreement has been reached between the three countries, paving the way for Finland and Sweden to join NATO. He called it a historic decision. After the Russian invasion of Ukraine, countries like Sweden and Finland were forced to leave their non-aligned status and join NATO.
Finland shares a long border with Russia. Under the NATO treaty, an attack on any member state would be considered an attack against all member states, and the entire coalition would respond to the attack. NATO operates by consensus. Since Turkey opposed Finland and Sweden from joining NATO, in such a situation, without the consent of Turkey, these two countries could not become NATO members.
Turkey has said countries such as Finland and Sweden have changed their stance on Kurdish rebel groups that Turkey considers terrorists. After more than a week of talks, the three countries have reached a joint agreement. Turkey has said that we wanted full cooperation in the fight against the rebel groups we received. Turkey has said that the two countries have agreed to take concrete steps against groups related to the Kurdistan insurgency. Both countries will also take concrete steps on terrorist extradition. Turkey has consistently said that we want Finland and Sweden to extradite the wanted individuals and lift the arms embargo imposed after Turkey's 2019 military incursion into north-eastern Syria.