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Russia and Ukraine concluded a landmark grain agreement

Ukraine and Russia yesterday halted months of fraught dealings. They approved a milestone pact with Turkey, and the United Nations strived to alleviate a global food problem affected by obstructed Black Sea grain releases. The primary crucial deal between the contending parties since Russia’s February incursion should help relieve the “acute hunger” that the UN measures say now confronts an auxiliary 47mn people because of the conflict.

But the resentment between Moscow and Kyiv fissured over the signing sermon —which was halted for more than half an hour by feuds about the exhibit of flags around the table and Ukraine’s nonacceptance to put its inscription on the same paper as the Russians. The two sides eventually inked disconnected but similar pacts in the presence of UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan at Istanbul’s lavish Dolmabahce Palace on the Bosphorus Strait.

“Today, there is a beam on the Black Sea — a beacon of possibility, a beacon of prospect, a beacon of solace,” Guterres said minutes before Russian and Ukrainian officials composed their separate agreements. President Erdogan — a key actor in the negotiations who has decent associations with both Moscow and Kyiv — said the agreement would “hopefully restore the road to peace.” But Ukraine arrived at the ceremony by sternly notifying that it would administer “an unexpected military response” should Russia infringe the pact and ambush its ships or orchestrate an invasion around its landings.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky later asserted the obligation for executing the pact would fall to the UN. The pact comprises points on operating Ukrainian cereal ships along stable paths that avert known traps in the Black Sea. Russian warships have thwarted up to 25mn tonnes of wheat and other cereal in Ukrainian ports, and the trap Kyiv has laid to stave off a feared amphibious attack.

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